caribbean history timeline

[33], One of the most valuable ideological weapons of the Reformation and wars against Catholic Spain was the "Black Legend," the systematic denigration of Spain and its people, culture, and religion. Abolitionists in the Americas and in Europe became vocal opponents of the slave trade throughout the 19th century. Back to (1) J. J. MCusker and R. R. Menard, ‘The sugar industry in the seventeenth century: a new perspective on the Barbadian “sugar revolution”’, in Tropical Babylons: Sugar and the Making of the Atlantic World, 1450–1680 , ed. (source:website). During wartime, these figures only stand to increase. Many more conspiracies intended to create rebellions were discovered and ended by Europeans before they could materialize. Many of these records are exceptional in the way they reveal our heritage and enable us as a nation to have a better understanding of Trinidad and Tobago and our ancestors. It is home to  approximately sixteen million citizens, 60% of whom are under the age of 30,  and from the main ethnic groups of Indigenous Peoples, Africans, Indians, Europeans, Chinese and Portuguese. By Tim Lambert. After decades of increasing tensions and confrontations in the northern Atlantic and the Caribbean, Anglo-Spanish hostilities broke out in 1585, when the English Crown dispatched over 7,000 troops to the Netherlands and Queen Elizabeth liberally granted licenses for privateers to carry out piracy against Spain's Caribbean possessions and vessels. English piracy increased during the reign of Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–1649) and became more aggressive as Anglo-Spanish relations tensed up further during the Thirty Years' War. Royal Caribbean International (originally Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines) began in 1968 as a consortium of three Norwegian ship owners who wanted to get in on the rapidly expanding U.S. cruise market. The locations within the Caribbean region are indicated in italics. Black passengers were assigned to inferior cabins, were sometimes denied bookings, and were expected to eat meals early before white passengers. [14], Following the colonisation of Trinidad it was originally proposed that Saladoid groups island-hopped their way to Puerto Rico. These groups occasionally resided in semi-permanent camp sites, while mostly being mobile in order to make use of a wide rage of plant and animal resources in a variety of habitats.[1]. 1655- The English captured the island from the Spaniards and colonized the territory. Our History In 1968, Royal Caribbean Cruise Line was founded – and ever since then, we've been changing the way the world cruises. It was founded with the purpose of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic ties among countries and with other nations of the world. In the early part of the twentieth century this influence was extended by participation in The Banana Wars. Caribbean Christmas: Christmas Traditions in St. Kitts. This timeline was created to document the events in the history of the Caribbean. We work to improve lives in Latin America and the Caribbean. Guide to Works Printed In Europe Relating to The Americas, 1493-1750,” the authoritative bibliography that is well-known and respected by scholars worldwide. ^ These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the SSS islands. Large luxury hotels and resorts have been built by foreign investors in many of the islands. Some wars, however, were borne of political turmoil in the Caribbean itself. Early in 1586, his forces seized Santo Domingo, retaining control over it for around a month. It is updated quarterly with over 17,000 current records added in total each year. The slave labor and indentured labor - both in millions of people - were brought into Caribbean, as in other European colonies throughout the world. The SIDALC Alliance provides access to information generated throughout the Americas and stored in Agricultural Institutes, its libraries and other related information centers. Corsair port raids in Cuba and elsewhere in the region usually followed the rescate (ransom) model, whereby the aggressors seized villages and cities, kidnapped local residents, and demanded payment for their release. Economies of scale, high port handling charges, and a reluctance by Caribbean governments to privatize ports put Caribbean shipping at a disadvantage. Spans more than 500 years of political, military, social, and cultural history, highlighting the important people and events of the American experience. Flinty Bay on Antigua, is one of the best known sources of high quality flint in the Lesser Antilles. The history of the Caribbean begins with the migration of several groups from the mainland Americas around 7000 years ago. Caribbean sugar production became relatively expensive in comparison to other parts of the world that developed their own sugar cultivation industries, making it difficult for Caribbean sugar products to compete. Full text database of periodical articles and other publications that focus on the impact of gender across a broad spectrum of subject areas. Castaways from an English vessel, wrecked on its way to Virginia in 1609, find safety on Bermuda. Piracy in the Caribbean was often a tool used by the European empires to wage war unofficially against one another. Facebook. [dubious – discuss][further explanation needed] A system of slavery was adapted since it allowed the colonizer to have an abundant work force with little worry about declining demands for sugar. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul the marriage, Henry VIII pushed the English Catholic Church to separate from Rome and become the Church of England, free from the pope's authority. In 1965, 23,000 U.S. troops landed in the Dominican Republic to quash a military coup in what was the first U.S. military intervention in Latin America in more than 30 years. The deepwater port at Bridgetown, Barbados, was completed by British investors in 1961. A collaboration of 20 learned societies, and over 100 publishers and libraries, the HEB is an online fully searchable collection of 2800 high quality books selected by scholars from across the humanities and available online to multiple users. Pre-emancipation No formal Education for slaves; only religious instruction via sunday school and night school Sep 22, 1833. Colombus arrives in the Bahamas 1514. A similar aspect of the heterogeneous region has been its plantations. Spanish men-of-war arrived soon and scared off the intruding vessel, which returned soon thereafter to demand yet another rescate. This created an economic chaos for British owners of Caribbean sugar cane plantations. Lithic analysis have also show the development of tighter networks between islands during the post-Saladoid period. 1500. Both shell middens represent extended deposits of discarded shells that originally yielded a food source and stone and bone tools. A particularly vicious French corsair attack took place in Havana in 1543. (source:website), The Digital Library of Trinidad and Tobago is a growing collection of digital resources highlighting the people, places, lifestyle, culture and events of Trinidad and Tobago throughout its history. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The first instances of English mercantile piracy took place in 1562–63, when Hawkins’ men raided a Portuguese vessel off the coast of Sierra Leone, captured the 300 slaves on board, and smuggled them into Santo Domingo in exchange for sugar, hides, and precious woods. Journal, magazine and news articles in all academic disciplines. (source:website), The International Organisation of La Francophonie represents one of the biggest linguistic zones in the world. This resource brings together manuscripts, printed and visual primary source materials for the study of 'Empire' and its theories, practices, and consequences. PAIS International includes publications from over 120 countries throughout the world. Islands currently under European or U.S. administration, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Charles H. Wesley, "The Negro in the West Indies, slavery and freedom. The new system in place however was similar to the previous as it was based on white capital and colored labor. It became widely popular in the 18th century, then graduated to becoming a necessity in the 19th century. With the exception of Trinidad the first Caribbean islands were settled between 3500 and 3000 BCE, during the Archaic Age. In a key addition to this policy called the Roosevelt Corollary, the United States reserved the right to intervene in any nation of the Western Hemisphere it determined to be engaged in "chronic wrongdoing". The Community is multi-lingual; with English as the major language complemented by French and Dutch  and  variations of these, as well as African and Indian expressions. The nations bordering the Caribbean in Central America gained independence with the 1821 establishment of the First Mexican Empire—which at that time included the modern states of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Other islands lacking sandy beaches, such as Dominica, missed out on the 20th-century tourism boom, although they have recently begun to develop eco-tourism, diversifying the tourism industry in the Caribbean. This relationship has carried through to the 21st century, as reflected by the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act. These actions originally took the guise of well-organized, large-scale smuggling expeditions headed by piratical smugglers the likes of John Hawkins, John Oxenham, and Francis Drake; their primary objectives were smuggling African slaves into Spain's Caribbean possessions in exchange for tropical products. [13] Although a large amount of Caribbean Islands were settled during the Archaic and Ceramic Age, some islands were presumably visited much later. These include government records, immigration records, photographs, books, maps and more. [39] William Beckford argued for "families to be sold together or kept as near as possible in the same neighbourhood"[39] and "laws were passed in the late period of slavery to prevent the breakup of slave families by sale, ... [but] these laws were frequently ignored". Anegada (British Virgin Islands, BVI) [UK], See the Council on Foreign Relations description of the OAS. Between 800 and 200 BCE a new migratory group expanded through the Caribbean island: the Saladoid. 1520 Spaniards removed last Amerindians from Lucayan Archipelago ( population of 40,000 in 1492 ). The PAIS International database contains continually updated records for over half a million journal articles, books, government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference papers, web content, and more. DNA studies changed some of the traditional beliefs about pre-Columbian indigenous history. This will include some materials from WW1. Combines detailed, printable, full-color maps of countries, provinces, and states with up-to-date statistical and local information. The Pirates of the Caribbean movie timeline isn't complicated, but it is quite extensive. "[38][a] "From the earliest days of slavery, indiscriminate sales and separation severely disrupted the domestic life of individual slaves. Accessible Archives makes available vast quantities of archived historical information, not previously furnished available online. Identity of Cuba The Caribbean is a diverse region with a unique history. [24][25], The other European powers established a presence in the Caribbean after the Spanish Empire declined, partly due to the reduced native population of the area from European diseases. Several islands continue to have government ties with European countries, or with the United States. A little bit of the Caribbean History: Timeline . "Members include Antigua and Barbuda; Commonwealth of Dominica; Grenada; Montserrat; St. Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; St Vincent and The Grenadines; British Virgin Islands; Anguilla; Martinique". The Dutch, the French, and the British followed one another to the region and established a long-term presence. Unlike other countries, where there was an urban option for finding work, the Caribbean countries had money invested in agriculture and lacked any core industrial base. Intermittent warring between the Valois monarchy and the Habsburg Empire continued until 1559. [59] Actual violent uprisings, involving anywhere from dozens to thousands of slaves, were regular events, however. The Atlantic slave trade brought African slaves to British, Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish colonies in the Americas, including the Caribbean. [45], The exploitation of the Caribbean landscape dates back to the Spanish conquistadors starting in the 1490s, who forced indigenous peoples held by Spanish settlers in encomienda to mine for gold. This new expansionism coupled with the loss of relative power by the colonial nations enabled the United States to become a major influence in the region. The spread of the plantations and European settlement often meant the end of many Maroon communities, although they survived on Saint Vincent and Dominica, and in the more remote mountainous areas of Jamaica, Hispaniola, Guadeloupe and Cuba.[58]. The plantation system and the slave trade that enabled its growth led to regular slave resistance in many Caribbean islands throughout the colonial era. British overseas territories in the Caribbean include: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten are all presently separate constituent countries, formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles. Culture Club / Getty Images "Black Bart" Roberts was the most successful pirate of his generation, capturing and looting hundreds of ships in a three-year career from 1719 to 1722. Gold plundered from Spanish ships and brought to Britain had a pivotal effect on European interest in colonizing the region. It was also mainly created for genealogy research and amateur study of Caribbean History Spelling of certain words may be Old English. The hard work in hot, humid farms required a regular, docile and low-waged labour force. This resulted in extremely low wages with no potential for growth since the occupant nations had no intention of selling the products at a higher price to themselves.[57]. Multidisciplinary collection of scholarly ebooks. (source:website), The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a grouping of   twenty countries: fifteen Member States  and five  Associate Members. As Protestantism spread further in European kingdoms such as England and France and it became predominant in other formerly Catholic nations, religious antagonisms played an increasingly important role in determining war and peace among the nations of Europe. In addition to English, some of the indexed materials are published in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and other languages. Search for the information you need according to key development topics and the country they relate to. 800 AD A people called the Arawaks lived in Jamaica. Also includes working papers, policy briefs, and case studies. As of the early 21st century, not all Caribbean islands have become independent. This is additionally notable as being the only successful slave uprising in history. The close proximity of the Caribbean islands to the United States has made them an attractive location for branches of foreign banks. [37] Slavery was abolished in the Dutch Empire in 1814. Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua and Barbuda - History: Antigua was visited in 1493 by Christopher Columbus, who named it for the Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Sevilla, Spain. They are self governing territories subject to Congress plenary powers over the territories. This exhibition looks at the history of the British Caribbean through Colonial Office government documents held at The National Archives, focusing on the period between 1780 and 1926. After the Spanish American war in the late 19th century, the islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines were no longer part of the Spanish Empire in the New World. Topics included are the Transatlantic Slave Trade, colonialism, political conflicts, and struggles for freedom. The Caribbean Basin is also of strategic interest in regards to trade routes; it has been estimated that nearly half of US foreign cargo and crude oil imports are brought via Caribbean seaways. Its Mega-database contains some 3.1 million reference materials, including: books, magazines and journals, theses and reports, as well as 240.000 full text documents. It was a tortuous marriage, to say the least, and Henry VIII began to separate from Catherine in 1527. For the next 550 years, the Caribbean region would play a vital role in the economic history of the western world and, often, a tragic role in in the world's social history. Some islands are part of a group, which is indicated in parentheses. In 1523, off the Cape of St. Vincent, Portugal, his vessels captured two Spanish ships laden with a fabulous treasure consisting of 70,000 ducats worth of gold, large quantities of silver and pearls, and 25,000 pounds of sugar, a much-treasured commodity at the time. ... was nothing more than a base for weapons and other goods. 1499 Spanish discovery of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire. Victory in the Spanish–American War and the signing of the Platt amendment in 1901 ensured that the United States would have the right to interfere in Cuban political and economic affairs, militarily if necessary. The Caribbean was conquered and colonized soon after Columbus’ discovery in 1492. (source:website), Its mission is to embody the active solidarity between its 80 member states and governments (57 members and 23 observers), which together represent over one-third of the United Nations’ member states and account for a population of over 890 million people, including 220 million French speakers.(spurce:website). The original inhabitants of Jamaica are the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 years ago. One of the early expeditions from Spain brought sugarcane cuttings from the Canary Islands, an act that would alter the course of history. Timelines of Carribbean History; Archives, Libraries, Museums; Organizations; Newspapers; Introduction. The following timeline is not comprehensive but is designed to give an indication of some of the key events in Anglophone Caribbean history, including some that are relevant to the material on this site. This exhibition looks at the history of the British Caribbean through Colonial Office government documents held at The National Archives, focusing on the period between 1780 and 1926. Highlighting, note taking and linking are available features. Significant amounts of gold were found in their personal ornaments and other objects such as masks and belts enticing the Spanish search for wealth. Timeline of Caribbean Prehistory. Spain rebuilt its naval forces, largely with galleons built in Havana, and continued to fight England until Elizabeth's death in 1603. The British crafted a new legal system of forced labour, which in many ways resembled enslavement. Also set up an account and sign in with your NJ Library card for borrowing privileges to 200,000 modern titles. Each document is selected by members of the Eldis editorial team. A subscription based service, E-Books Central combines several databases under a new name. Communities of escaped slaves, who were known as Maroons, banded together in heavily forested and mountainous areas of the Greater Antilles and some of the islands of the Lesser Antilles. Drake terrorized Spanish vessels and ports. Columbus and his fellow explorers make landfall on the largest of the Caribbean islands, Cuba Go to Columbus, Christopher (c. 1451–1506) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) [55] Large numbers of unskilled workers were hired to perform repeated tasks, which made if very difficult for these workers to ever leave and pursue any non farming employment. Spans over 220 years, from 1785 through 2007, and includes 1 million pages and 7 million articles. Some islands have gone against this trend, such as Cuba and Haiti, whose governments chose not to pursue foreign tourism, although Cuba has developed this part of the economy very recently. "Key to the Indies: Port Cities in the Spanish Caribbean: 1493-1550. A more recent deepwater port project was completed by Hong Kong investors in Grand Bahama in the Bahamas. [33], French corsair attacks began in the early 1520s, as soon as France declared war on Spain in 1521. The important moments in history of the Healthy Caribbean Coalition, from the birth of the coalition to the present day. It was well into the 19th century before many slaves in the Caribbean were legally free. In 1509, Prince Henry of England married Princess Catherine of Aragon and soon thereafter they were crowned king and queen. Only the youngest and healthiest people were taken for what was called the middle passage of the triangle trade, partly because they would be worth more in America, and partly because they were the most likely to reach their destination alive. The islands of the Caribbean were discovered by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus, working for the then Spanish monarchy. As an arm of the economic and political network of the Americas, the influence of the United States stretches beyond a military context. Likewise, building trade relationships with the US has always figured in strongly with the political goal of economic security in post-independence Caribbean states. [56] The cities that did exist offered limited opportunities to citizens and almost none for the unskilled masses who had worked in agriculture their entire lives. Click on any point on the timeline to … Tensions further intensified in 1587, when Elizabeth I ordered the execution of Catholic Mary Queen of Scotts after twenty years of captivity and gave the order for a preemptive attack against the Spanish Armada stationed in Cadiz. Articles from a large collection of newspapers worldwide. 1525 Spanish colonization of Margarita Island begins. Jamaica History Timeline and Historical Dates. PAIS (originally, the Public Affairs Information Service) was established in 1914 with several similar databases which over the years have been merged to create the current version. News, magazine, and journal articles from the ethnic, minority and native press. Royal Caribbean International (originally Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines) began in 1968 as a consortium of three Norwegian ship owners who wanted to get in on the rapidly expanding U.S. cruise market. In the 20th century the Caribbean was again important during World War II, in the decolonization wave after the war, and in the tension between Communist Cuba and the United States. It is important to note that the United States is also of strategic interest to the Caribbean. Archæological evidence shows human habitation in the Caribbean for centuries before the arrival of Europeans. [33], Following the Franco-Spanish peace treaty of 1559, crown-sanctioned French corsair activities subsided, but piratical Huguenot incursions persisted and in at least one instance led to the formation of a temporary Huguenot settlement in the Isle of Pines, off Cuba. Caribbean history underwent a fundamental change with the arrival of Fidel Castro. The CBI marks the emergence of the Caribbean basin as a geopolitical area of strategic interest to the US. The original inhabitants of Jamaica are the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 years ago. The southward route hypothesis proposes that the northern Antilles were settled directly from South America followed by progressively southward movements into the Lesser Antilles. Following Henry VIII's death in 1547, yet another Anglo-Spanish dynastic marriage was arranged, this time between Spain's Prince Phillip and Queen Mary I, the Catholic daughter of Anglican Henry VIII. The Spanish Caribbean: 1821-1898: The loss of Santo Domingo in 1821 is a particular blow to Spanish pride, since the island of Hispaniola was the first of Columbus' discoveries to be colonized. [62] Caribbean economic diversification into new activities became essential to the islands. [49] Instead of calling them slaves, they were called indentured labour. Spain abolished slavery in its empire in 1811, with the exceptions of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Santo Domingo; Spain ended the slave trade to these colonies in 1817, after being paid £400,000 by Britain. Given its history the Caribbean is a region of diverse cultures and an eclectic mixture of the old and the new. The British-controlled islands in particular benefited from investments in the infrastructure of colonies. Index of scholarly literature covering the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to the present. Access to historical periodicals published from 1684 to1912. Search the complete digital edition of The Times (London) using keyword searching and hit-term highlighting to retrieve full images of either a specific article or a complete page. This online format replaces the microfiche archival coverage. It was also mainly created for genealogy research and amateur study of Caribbean History Spelling of … Men, women and children who were already enslaved in the British Empire remained slaves, however, until Britain passed the Slavery Abolition Act in 1833. Ebook Central s is a subscribe collection. 800 AD A people called the Arawaks lived in Jamaica. Slaves were jammed into the hull; chained to one anothe… Murder, theatre, sports and politics - all collide in its pages in an abundance of glorious narrative detail. This video shows the colonization and history of the Caribbean, from the arrival of Christopher Columbus to present day. While France and Spain were at peace until 1542, beyond-the-line corsair activity continued. RELATED ARTICLES MORE FROM AUTHOR. The Caribbean region is made up of both independent countries and dependent territories which are divided into five geographical regions: The islands are located in the Greater Antilles; Lesser Antilles; North American Continental Shelf, or South America Continental Shelf. Use an article index to find journal articles on your topic, as well as other materials related to history. Cruise ships are also regular visitors to the Caribbean. This they found initially in China and then mostly in India. Literacy also increased significantly during this period, as schools were set up for students descended from African slaves. † Physiographically, these are continental islands not a part of the volcanic Windward Islands arc. As stated in the Convention Establishing the ACS, its primary purpose is to be an organization for “consultation, cooperation and concerted action” for its member countries. The remaining two-thirds of Hispaniola were conquered by Haitian forces in 1821. Online full-text search capabilities and digital imaging permits the user to search and manipulate this information in ways never before possible. This glossary entry is a part of the About.com guide to Caribbean History, and the Dictionary of Archaeology. Over 50,000 summaries and free links to full-text research and policy documents from over 8,000 publishers. Works in both western and non-Western languages, drawn from some of the Worlds rare library collection making this a unique research tool. If the "Get It" link does not find anything, don't assume that the Library does not hold the item. Updates of major political events since the last edition are included in notes. It soon became apparent, however, that this industry was much like a new form of colonialism; the hotels operated by the company were fully staffed by Americans, from chefs to waitresses, in addition to being owned by Americans, so that the local populations saw little economic benefit. Users can copy, cut, paste, print and download content. Jan 22, 1800. The promotion of the region's social development was later included among its primary objectives. By the middle of the 18th century sugar was Britain's largest import which made the Caribbean that much more important as a colony.[47]. Our aim is to achieve development in a sustainable, climate-friendly way. Caribbean History. The Spanish made an exception in the case of the small 'pearl islands' of Cubagua and Margarita off the Venezuelan coast because of their valuable pearl beds, which were worked extensively between 1508 and 1530. [3] The earliest major habitation sites discovered in Trinidad are the shell midden deposits of Banwari Trace and St. John, which have been dated between 6000 and 5100 BCE. 1509- The Spaniards occupied the country and remained in possession for 146 years. All full text. Indians and southeast Asians began to replace Africans previously brought as slaves, under this indentured labour scheme to serve on sugarcane plantations across the British empire. View contemporaneous coverage of the world's historical events from the French Revolution to the Iraq War. In more than 800,000 pages, The Sunday Times Digital Archive is a gateway to the greatest crimes, careers and culture of the last 180 years. Hi there, we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. The entire newspaper is captured, with all articles, advertisements and illustrations/photos divided into categories to facilitate searching. 1625 - English conquest of Barbados 1655 - English conquest of Jamaica 1657 - Richard Ligon publishes A True and Exact Account… 1494- Christopher Columbus discovered the island. Some links to country information have bee added below. New technology in the Caribbean led to the improvement of sugar plantations, especially in the amount of sugar they could yield. Tensions increased between England and Spain, particularly following the ascent of Anglican Queen Elizabeth to the throne in 1558. When war erupted again, it echoed once more in the Caribbean. Here, he returns from Mexico to Cuba to organize guerrilla warfare against the Batista regime. "[39] Slaves could be sold so that spouses could be sold separately. History of Caribbean Airlines. Her successor, Elizabeth, actually rejected a plan to continue the Anglo-Spanish dynastic union when she refused to consider marrying Philip; she was to remain virgin and Protestant. For treatment of the island in its regional context, see Latin America, history of, and West Indies, history of. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Such was the case of the slave-trading vessel bearing the sub-lime name Jesus of Lübeck, into whose pestilent bowels, in partnership with Elizabeth I, Hawkins jammed 400 African slaves. Cuba and Puerto Rico remained as Spanish colonies until the Spanish–American War in 1898, after which Cuba attained its independence in 1902, and Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States, being the last of the Greater Antilles under colonial control. Our History In 1968, Royal Caribbean Cruise Line was founded – and ever since then, we've been changing the way the world cruises. Furthermore, during this period, French and English buccaneers settled on the island of Tortuga, the northern and western coasts of Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), and later in Jamaica. The development of large-scale shipping to compete with other ports in Central and South America ran into several obstacles during the 20th century. This process disrupted more-or-less independent lines of development of local communities and marked the beginnings of sociopolitical changes on a much larges scale.[21]. The products produced brought in no profits for the countries since they were sold to the colonial occupant buyer who controlled the price the products were sold at. It left a gory toll of 200 killed Spanish settlers. In general, the Lithic Age is considered the first era of human development in the Americas and the period where stone chipping is first practised. (EBSCO). "More than Slaves and Sugar: Recent Historiography of the Trans-imperial Caribbean and Its Sinew Populations. Share Flipboard Email Print Social Sciences. Online encyclopedia of world geography and culture. In 1521, France went to war with the Holy Roman Empire. Eldis provides free access to relevant, up-to-date and diverse research on international development issues. British colonies were able to establish laws through their own legislatures, and the assent of the local island governor and the Crown. Spanish troops routed French armies in France, the Italian Peninsula, and elsewhere, forcing the French Crown to surrender in 1526 and again in 1529. [64] The most popular early destinations were Jamaica and the Bahamas; the Bahamas remains today the most popular tourist destination in the Caribbean. (source:website), The history of the British Caribbean is explored in this exhibition through government documents, photographs and maps dating from the 17th century to the 1920s and discovered during a cataloguing project at The National Archives of the United Kingdom. The Journal of Caribbean History (JCH) is a double-blind peer reviewed journal produced by the Departments of History, The University of the West Indies, and published by the University of the West Indies Press. This Library guide will offer a starting point for those wishing to study the history and culture of the many and varied nations and territories that populate the Caribbean region. Jamaica is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles, in the Caribbean. Citizens of these islands have full Dutch citizenship. Primary source materials have been assembled into databases with a strict attention to detail allowing access to specific information with pinpoint accuracy. Library Search Guide: https://libguides.rowan.edu/librarysearch. ... Caribbean History Timeline created by elenaburnham. [41] However, "sale of slaves and the resulting breakup of families decreased as slave plantations lost prosperity. ", * Dooley Jr, Edwin L. "Wartime San Juan, Puerto Rico: The Forgotten American Home Front, 1941-1945.". In economic terms, the United States represents a primary market for the export of Caribbean goods. However, recent studies have revealed that crops and pottery were already present in some Archaic Caribbean populations before the arrival of the Saladoid. A timeline of events as depicted and mentioned in the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise. The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is the inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Eastern Caribbean. Puerto Rico - Puerto Rico - History: The following discussion focuses on Puerto Rican history from the time of European settlement. The materials span the last five centuries and are accompanied by a host of secondary learning resources including scholarly essays, maps, and an interactive chronology. 1517 African slaves are imported into Jamaica. Large-scale violence was no longer a threat after the end of slavery in the islands. (source:website). [16] One initial impetus of movement from the mainland to the northern Antilles may have been the search for high quality materials such as flint. The mainstay of the Caribbean economy, sugar, has declined gradually since the beginning of the 20th century, although it is still a major crop in the region. In addition British Honduras in Central America became independent as Belize (1981), British Guiana in South America became independent as Guyana (1966), and Dutch Guiana also in South America became independent as Suriname (1975). 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica. During those years, over seventy-five documented English privateering expeditions targeted Spanish possessions and vessels. Since 1822, The Sunday Times, of London, has provided thoughtful analysis and commentary on the week's news and society at large. Sun-Sentinel | Jun 21, 2004 at 1:59 PM . The new flag carrier of Trinidad and Tobago replaced BWIA West Indies Airways, which was forced to cease operations after 66 years of flying the Caribbean skies when the negotiations between the unions and the management BWIA failed. British and French West Indies: 1612-1664: The first English settlement on any island in the west Atlantic is the result of an accident. After a bill was passed in the French Parliament, the new status took effect on 22 February 2007. Hence Trinidad was the only Caribbean Island that could have been colonised by indigenous people from the South American mainland by not traversing hundreds or thousands kilometres of open sea. [44], The French Empire regulated slaves under the Code Noir (Black Code) which was in force throughout the empire, but which was based upon French practices in the Caribbean colonies. Taino Chiefdoms appear in Caribbean after first sedentary settlements 1492. [12] The introduction of pottery and plant domestication to the Caribbean is often attributed to Saladoid groups and represents the beginning of the Ceramic Age. 1655 The English invade Jamaica. More than 700,000 items digitized from the NYPL collections. [61] In 1983 the United States invaded Grenada to remove popular and charismatic left-wing leader Maurice Bishop. https://www.cruise118.com/news/a-history-of-royal-caribbean Facilitates the study of countries, U.S. states, places, peoples, and geography concepts and skills through a global approach. (Source:website), The National Archives of Trinidad and Tobago (NATT), is the treasure-house of our country's heritage. These treaties leave the enforcement of labour, tax, health and safety, and environmental laws under the control of the registry, or "flag" country, which in practical terms means that such regulations seldom result in penalties against the merchant ship. Extensive Data-Planet repository of standardized and structured statistical data. France abolished slavery in its colonies in 1848. In 1844, the newly formed Dominican Republic declared its independence from Haiti. This hypothesis has been supported by both radiocarbon dates and seafaring simulations. The importation of slaves to the colonies was often outlawed years before the end of the institution of slavery itself. An estimated 8 to 15 million Africans reached the Americas from the 16th through the 19th century. # Physiographically, Bermuda is an isolated oceanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean, not a part of the Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, North American continental mainland or South American continental mainland. '"[40] Sale of estates with "stock" to pay debts, more common in the late period of slavery, was criticized as separating slave spouses. These colonies brought in gold, and other European powers, most specifically England, the Netherlands, and France, hoped to establish profitable colonies of their own. The Bahamas entered the financial services industry first, and continues to be at the forefront of financial services in the region. Much like the Spanish exploited indigenous labor to mine gold, the 17th century brought a new series of oppressors in the form of the Dutch, the English, and the French. As an extension of this, Caribbean states do not wish to be excluded from their primary market in the United States, or be bypassed in the creation of "wider hemispheric trading blocs" that stand to drastically alter trade and production in the Caribbean Basin. In 1537–1538, corsairs captured and sacked nine Spanish vessels. To find books use Rowan's Library Search and limit the material type to Books. Dutch, English, and German editions of las Casas’ Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies circulated throughout Europe beginning in 1578 with titles such as "Spanish cruelties and tyrannies." The majority of slaves were brought to the Caribbean colonies between 1701 and 1810. It's the best place to find information about a specific cruise ship, your favorite cruise line's fleet, or even what happened to your favorite cruise ship from the past. Whether ransoms were paid or not, corsairs looted, committed unspeakable violence against their victims, desecrated churches and holy images, and left smoldering reminders of their incursions. These improvements in the quality of life for the inhabitants also made the islands a much more attractive destination for visitors. Approximately 22,000 items are added per year. Europe's largest and most powerful kingdoms, France and Spain, were the continent's staunchest rivals. An interdisciplinary, bilingual (English and Spanish) comprehensive full text database of the newspapers, magazines and journals of the ethnic, minority and native press. Coverage begins in 1990. British law denied all rights to freed slaves, with the exception of the right to a jury trial. See this event in other timelines: In the Spanish American wars of independence in the early nineteenth century, most of Spanish America broke away from the Spanish Empire, but Cuba and Puerto Rico remained under the Spanish crown until the Spanish–American War of 1898. From CQ Press, Political Handbook of the World is organized for browsing or searching country and intergovernmental organization profiles. By the beginning of the 20th century, the Caribbean islands enjoyed greater political stability. Worldwide Political Science Abstracts provides citations, abstracts, and indexing of the international serials literature in political science and its complementary fields, including international relations, law, and public administration / policy. A specific date for the placement of the first three films has not been given, though the film's scriptwriters, while making the first film, placed them in a "floating thirty-year environment" set in the 18th century, sometime around the 1720s to 1750s. Includes maps, data and stats compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, the world’s foremost provider of country, industry and management analysis for about 201 countries. Santiago was also victim of an attack that year, and both cities endured raids yet again in 1538. By the beginning of World War I, all British-controlled islands had their own police force, fire department, doctors and at least one hospital. When news of the island reaches England, a party of sixty settlers is … "Marriage, Family, and Ethnicity in the Early Spanish Caribbean,", Altman, Ida. The post-war era reflects a time of transition for the Caribbean basin when, as colonial powers sought to disentangle from the region (as part of a larger trend of decolonization), the US began to expand its hegemony throughout the region. A history of Royal Caribbean As Royal Caribbean International recently announced that it was celebrating the cruising milestone of welcoming its 50 millionth guest, I thought it would be a good opportunity to take a look at the history of one of the world’s largest and most successful cruise lines. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Cruise-ships.com is all about cruise ships and the people who love them. Ethnographic collections covering all aspects of cultural and social life. The … "The official plantocratic view of slave marriage sought to deny the slaves any loving bonds or long-standing relationships, thus conveniently rationalising the indiscriminate separation of close kin through sales. Collection of documents on international affairs from wide variety of sources. Archaeological sites of this period have been located in Barbados, Cuba, Curaçao and St. Martin, followed closely by Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Dutch privateering became more widespread and violent beginning in the 1620s. Users can quickly access content from the Handbook by navigating a virtual table of contents, performing a keyword search, or browsing for country profiles by Regime type, party system, electoral system, government system, or region. European nations, particularly Spain and Portugal, race to claim as many islands as they can. This pattern is confirmed by economic initiatives such as the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), which sought to congeal alliances with the region in light of a perceived Soviet threat. 1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica. 1509- The Spaniards occupied the country and remained in possession for 146 years. 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