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Divide them in the early spring and regularly water them. Plants (63) Product (3) Facing. Without it, your home and garden look sad and dreary. However, too much light and heat cause the greenery to yellow and die. New fronds begin by growing stiffly upwards, then droop down,looking fabulous in a hanging basket, but it can also be a groundcover plant. In places with high deer pressure, grasses, sedges and ferns are the safest bet. The native wild form of this easy and very useful evergreen fern. With our wet climate, ferns are relatively easy to grow and maintain, making them an ideal plant for the Pacific Northwest. (You will end up with free plants!) Different varieties of the same kind of plant are suited to certain climates, so don’t ignore the plant label or description. Blechnum chilense, Zones 7–9) is a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden. The fronds of these colorful ferns reach up to three feet long and spread four inches wide. Maidenhair ferns have a reputation for being difficult, but that’s not true. They have developed many methods to survive in these harsh conditions. Autumn fern – Hardy to zone 5, it emerges in the spring with a striking copper color, earning it its name. As with other perennials, the best time to plant is during the spring and fall when the rain is plentiful. Sword Fern (Polystichum munitum)- The Sword Fern is one of the hardier evergreen ferns on this list making it low maintenance as well. Polystichum munitum (Western Sword fern) One of the most hardy of the evergreen ferns that I have grown is the Western sword fern, Polystichum munitum. We also carry exotic deciduous and evergreen ferns from our overseas plant hunting expeditions as well as the best native ferns...all nursery propagated. This South American native does just as well in the northern hemisphere. SGD surpassed my desires in every way. The Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) continues to be evergreen even at Christmas time.This is an adaptable species that will grow in almost any situation – shady, rich or poor soil, rubble or compost etc. Shade or sun or something in-between, it is a statuesque, commanding presence. Learn how your comment data is processed. Here’s a fun fact – evergreen ferns are either male or female. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. This fern will get to be about 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. Its 2 foot fronds are sometimes used in Christmas decorations. Sublime Garden Design is a full-service boutique landscape design firm serving Snohomish County, Seattle, and surrounding areas. Happy in damp shade but also in dry shade once established. More about us... “It was apparent within minutes of meeting Heidi and Kryssie that they seemed genuinely interested in helping me achieve the garden that I dreamed of… They listened to what I was saying. Red spores form on the bottom for even more color. If they start to whither, become droopy or change color, move them to a slightly warmer location until they recover. Quick, efficient. Their best attribute is adding texture, softness and even color to the garden--not all ferns are green (Ghost fern is silver, Lady fern has red stems). Search for "evergreen ferns" By type. Japanese Tassel Fern (Polystichum polyblepharum). Plant shield ferns in moist, well-drained soil. Chilean hard fern. Hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11, this evergreen fern grows quickly, reaching a height of up to 20 feet. Plant them at least 18 inches apart after the last frost in the early spring. Polystichum polyblepharum (tassel fern). Labeled as Evergreen Ferns. Links to other 'plants for places' pages can be found at plant guides. Affiliate Disclaimer: Tipsbulletin.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Japanese Shield Fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) – Basic Evergreen Ferns, Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides), Evergreen Fern for Hanging Baskets: Tassel Fern (Polystichum polyblepharum), Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris), Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum), Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium nidus) – Unique-Shaped Evergreens, Privacy Policy – GDPR – Medical Disclaimer – DMCA. It is the only one of the winter hardy fern varieties that prefers drier conditions, rocky soils and can grow in the sun. Once they become acclimated to the outside, they will be a great addition to your container garden. It prefers sun spotted shade and well-drained, but moist, soils. Southern Shield Fern even tolerates full sun throughout the range of U.S. zones (check each plant's Description tab for details). Sun or shade. While it can be planted right in the ground, the Jeweled Chain Fern will also look good planted at the top of a wall where it can drape down over it. … Christmas ferns prefer full to part shade but will tolerate a small amount of sunlight. You often see British native Asplenium scolopendrium growing wild – if … Polystichum setiferum (soft-shield fern). Alpine Water Fern (Blechnum penna-marina) Photo Courtesy of Plant Systemics. This fern does best in full shade or partial sun and moist soils but will also grow well in or on a rock wall and in dryer than normal soils. Still, some evergreen plants have broader leaves that look beautiful among the snow and last throughout the entire season. Evergreen perennials are year round workhorses. The more sun these sun tolerant ferns receive, the more crinkly the leaves are. Under the right conditions, the Japanese painted fern grows up to 18 inches high. The Poly Fern is a standard fern that prefers increased humidity and a warm climate. When new growth emerges, it has orangey colored rhizomes that are fuzzy and will crawl on the ground to help it slowly spread. Wavy cloak fern (Astrolepis sinuata, Zones 7-9) Here is a southwestern fern that can tolerant dry conditions and sun as well as partial shade. Typically a shady woodland plant, it can live happily in nearly full sun if given enough water. Some can handle a bit of sun (Cinnamon) and some dense shade (Leatherwood). These evergreen ferns can tolerate considerable sun if the soil stays reasonably moist but normally they grow in shaded rock crevices. As it emerges and starts to unfurl, the new growth looks like fuzzy tassels and then flattens and matures into dark, glossy green foliage. The golden fern is evergreen in its native habitat, which includes the Caribbean and the warmer and more humid parts of the southeastern United States. This fern does well both in the ground and in containers and prefers full to partial shade with soils that have good drainage. As long as these plants have plenty of water, they should thrive in your home garden. Of the ferns, Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern) and Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Hay-Scented Fern) spread the fastest but are deciduous. Our catalog features 100's of the best evergreen perennials for all purposes; full sun to shade, drought-tolerant to bog plants, flowering in all colors of the rainbow. Their feathery, wavy leaves make this fern stand out among its relatives, making it a fan-favorite for gardeners. Organized under Plants I Dig, Shade Gardens. Deciduous shade tolerant trees. It grows to be 12-18” and must have very well-drained soils. Another fern species similar to these is Osmunda regalis or royal fern. The bird’s nest fern has banana-like leaves and is native to southeast Asia, Australia, and Hawaii. Ferns do not have flowers and reproduce by emitting spores. We hope this article sparks some inspiration with exciting options that keep your home full of color year-round. It is evident that a lot of forethought went into choosing that perfect specimen tree and/or accent pot for the space as the end result is so beautiful. For similar-looking evergreen ferns, try planting a Japanese holly fern or Cyrtomium falcatum. These are non-fussy plants that add tons of texture and color to your shade gardens. It is good to know that the Alpine Water Fern can handle dry conditions with occasional watering and is one of the more drought tolerant ferns. Alpine Water Fern (Blechnum penna-marina)- This mat-forming fern only grows to be 6-15” tall and works well as a groundcover due to its spreading nature. The Virginia Blue Rabbit’s Foot Fern does best in moist soil that has good drainage and pairs well with plants that have dark green foliage. Apply three inches of mulch around the roots to protect the plant. The Christmas Fern has leathery, light green foliage and forms in a fountain-like clump. Fertilize the soil once a year with organic matter or just before planting. (Everett), (360) 863-3224info@sublimegardendesign.com, 2801 Bickford Ave, PMB 107, Suite 103 Snohomish, WA 98290. The stems on the Maidenhair Spleenwort are dark brown and its fronds have small shell-shaped leaves that are green and leathery. Here on our blog, we'll share our expertise, discoveries, and the gardens we love. It is best to plant this fern in full shade and moist, well-drained soils. Some fern plants grow in full sun and are known as "dryland or sun ferns." These are small tufted ferns with somewhat fuzzy, grey-green foliage. A Northwest signature plant, it is the most common fern in the region. Some ferns reproduce quickly, providing groundcover for large areas in short order (Ostrich). Hart’s Tongue Fern (Asplenium scolopendrium). It can grow to a good size, one I have that has been in the ground for about 3 years has fronds 80 cm long but can grow larger. "Our ferns grow well in this open sunny spot," says Dan Booth, head gardener at Brodsworth. Evergreen ferns add year-round dramatic, sweeping textures and contrasting colors to your landscape. Ferns come in an amazing range of texture, color, sizes and and shapes. East (49) North (45) South (19) West (49) How much sun. Ferns are easy to maintain, rarely suffering from pests or diseases. Sword ferns are another fern of the same species that looks similar if you can’t find a Christmas fern at your local greenhouse. The upright, fine-fronded fern reaches 1-1.5 … Finding the perfect evergreen ferns means your home is surrounded by colors and textures that stand out throughout the winter. The fronds are long, slender and add a lacy finish to a woodland setting. The young fronds have a dark reddish tinge to them which mature into dark green. And pay attention to how tall and wide the plant gets. Large, glossy 1-2' long fronds on this evergreen hardy fern brighten up any part of the shade garden. For about 2 weeks, place your ferns in a cool, sheltered location and protect them from the heat and bright sun. Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes)- Looks can be deceiving with this fern’s delicate texture. Plant 18 inches apart, Zone 5–9, part shade to full shade Virginia Blue Rabbit’s Foot Fern (Polypodium pseudoaureum ‘Virginia Blue’)- This fern has distinct icy blue foliage that will get its best color if planted in the light shade. Valued for its coppery-red leaves that offer beauty all throughout the growing season. Strap shaped, long undivided fronds giving the plant it's common name Hart's (deer) Tongue fern. Required fields are marked *. Useful Tips To Make Your Everyday Life Just A Bit Better. This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns that will grow in the sun. The Autumn Fern adapts easily to wet or dry conditions after it’s been watered regularly in its first season of growing. It is often found on the cabbage palm in Florida. under a tree with high branches) and in moist soils. Lady ferns prefer lightly shaded areas with part sun throughout the year. No matter the season, an evergreen perennial will add texture to the garden. Many spread or naturalize through creeping rhizomes, covering a larger area over time. How can one improve on perfection?” —Kristie B. Polystichum has shiny foliage that looks good all year-round, but can be trimmed off in late winter to make way for the new, apple-green colored new growth. "We have species from most of the fern genera, and the … While there are always exceptions, it is best to plant ferns in the shade so that they will be protected from the sun during the hottest part of the day. While there are always exceptions, it is best to plant ferns in the shade so that they will be protected from the sun … Like the autumn fern, some varieties have new growth that emerges with coppery tones and turns red and purple in the fall. – but surprisingly, it does not thrive west of the Rockies. Gardening in the shade gives an overview of the subject and an explanation of how to identify the different degrees of shade. Photo: Jason Jorgensen. Some Dryopteris are evergreen and keep their foliage all year round. The word evergreen usually makes people think of plants with needle-like foliage. The golden fern is an epiphyte, which means it grows best on trees. They make excellent companion plants with hostas, bleeding hearts, and phlox and are deer resistant. Autumn Fern (Dryopertis erythrosora ‘Brilliance’). The end result is beautiful. It is common for a few fronds to die back and new fronds will eventually grow to replace the old ones. There are a host of small semi-desert, evergreen ferns that are specifically adapted to sun and drought. Perennials and ferns for dry shade. Provide partial to full shade and more alkaline soil. This plant prefers warm and humid settings and performs well if given proper shade and moisture. November 4, 2016. Common name: Wood fern, buckler fern, male fern Evergreen and semi-evergreen ferns help bring form, shape and texture to shady garden areas all year round. Perennials and ferns for deep shade. Finding the perfect spot for these evergreen ferns is essential. ). Can adapt to many different soil conditions, moist to dry. We have several genera of dryland sun ferns including Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Notholaena, and Pellaea. These beautiful bright green plants are perfect for landscaping or to put into a pot as a hanging plant for your porch. Growing these eye-catching ferns from the spores can be a painstaking process, however. Place them in well-drained soil fertilized with organic matter. If the area receives any sun, make sure it only gets some morning sunlight with shade during the remainder of the day. They are effective in mass plantings, as borders, and as accent plants.Our ferns thrive in partialn and full shade. The fan-shaped leaves add unique texture compared to many generic ferns, like the ostrich fern. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Boggy or damp shade (6) Dry shade (6) Dry sun (2) Exposed positions (1) Tolerate air pollution (3) Tolerates drought (4) Ready made borders. Year-round color is vital for every garden. Chilean hard ferns shield the base of this tree, growing several feet in the air. To 3–4 feet tall. Totally beyond expectations. In the wild, it grows alongside rocks and beneath dryland shrubs. Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)- While this fern prefers moist soils, it’s also good to know that it can tolerate dry(ish) soils after it’s been established which makes this fern a good option for a low-maintenance garden. This fern prefers moist soil but also survives if it dries out from time to time. When other plants are dormant, this plant brings a little bit of color. Cryptogramma or rock-brake ferns, are very hardy species (zones 2 to 3) from northern North America and Eurasia. Jeweled Chain Fern (Woodwardia unigemmata)- New growth on this fern comes out bright red to burgundy to orange throughout spring and summer and matures to dark green and will stay green in our region all through winter. These dramatic and colorful ferns are perfect for flower beds in full to partial shade, and they make excellent plants for borders and controlling areas prone to erosion. Limit the amount of fertilization you give these plants. They thrive in well-draining, slightly acidic soil. and made it even better! While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. Receive the latest Home & Garden Tips by entering your email below: We respect your privacy and take protecting it very seriously. Chilean hard fern (Parablechnum cordatum syn. Light shade (51) Shade (26) Sun (17) + Show more filters Special conditions. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) and the Dryopteris species are evergreen but clumping, not spreading. for updates, tips, and gardening insights, Sublime Garden Design | Landscape Design Serving Snohomish County and North King County. The name “ebony” refers to the stalk that turns black with age. Dense and lacy dark green fronds have a varnished look. Zones 4–9, 14–24. Evergreen ferns do best if the older fronds are trimmed off in late winter or early spring, just before the new fronds emerge. Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes) Photo Courtesy of Patrick J. Alexander (USDA-NCRS Plant Database). Its sword-like fronds can grow to be 4 feet long with glossy green foliage and its clumping form can spread anywhere from 3 to 6 feet. Will not take full sun. Place individual plants about 30 inches apart in partial to full shade and soil with a pH range of four through seven. This fern prefers partial to full shade and moist soil but it will still look good in warm, dry weather. Evergreen ferns are perfect for shade gardens or any other areas with full shade. With our wet climate, ferns are relatively easy to grow and maintain, making them an ideal plant for the Pacific Northwest. Also, make sure you place the plant correctly (full-sun, shade, or part-sun). The arching, glossy fronds grow two feet tall and ten inches wide. Height: 6″ to 20″. Plant the bird’s nest fern in indirect, medium to low light. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina) Lady ferns are native ferns with finely textured, light green foliage. Many of them are natives, well adjusted to the growing conditions of various Southern regions. A Northwest signature plant, it is the most common fern in the region. This easy-to-grow, hardy fern is one of the most beautiful of all ferns in cultivation. Tassel ferns are hardy in zones five through eight. These are the lip ferns, Cheilanthes spp. Instead, purchase a lady fern at a greenhouse or use the rhizome to begin the growth process. If the area lacks a male fern, some species of females can turn into males.

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