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vsphere reference architecture

For example: When you push a Enterprise PKS on vSphere deployment with a service type set to LoadBalancer, NSX-T automatically creates a new WIP for the deployment on the existing load balancer for that namespace. You can deploy TKGI without NSX-T. However, it has not been validated for TAS for VMs v2.9. For more information, see How to Migrate Ops Manager to a New Datastore in vSphere. These sections describe the reference architecture for PAS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments. Pivotal Platform requires shared storage. Ops Manager supports these configurations for vSphere deployments: TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T. For more information, see TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T. TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-V. For more information, see TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-V. TAS for VMs on vSphere without NSX. You must specify a listening and translation port in the service, a name for tagging, and a protocol. For information about high availability (HA) requirements and recommendations for TAS for VMs on vSphere, see High Availability in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. An NSX-T Tier-0 router is on the front end of the PAS deployment. Select a network range for the Tier-0 router with enough space so that the network can be separated into these two jobs: Note: Compared to vSphere deployments with NSX-V, Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T consumes much more address space for SNATs. The Tier-0 router must have routable external IP address space to advertise on the BGP network with its peers. With this arrangement, all VMs in the same installation and cluster share a dedicated datastore. Services - /23This size is almost completely dependent on the estimated desired capacity for services. This approach reduces overhead processing. With Layer 4 load balancers, traffic passes through the load balancers and SSL is terminated at the Gorouters. Keywords: vSphere 6.0; vSAN 6.2; VxRail 4.0; Redis 1.5.16; MySQL 1.8.0 -- This document describes the reference architecture for deploying PCF using Dell EMC VxRail Appliances powered by VMware vSAN 6.2 and VMware vSphere 6.0. vSphere VSAN is an example of this architecture. With the horizontal shared storage approach, you grant all hosts access to all datastores and assign a subset to each TAS for VMs installation. New Tier-1 routers are created on-demand as new clusters and namespaces are added to Enterprise PKS. Flannel as your container network interface in the Networking pane of For example, you can configure an F5 external load balancer. Select from networks already identified in Ops Manager to deploy the This reference architecture is designed to provide a virtualization infrastructure based on VMware vSphere. You must assign either a private or a public IP address assigned to the domains for the PAS system and apps. They also provide requirements and recommendations for deploying TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T, such as network, load balancing, and storage capacity requirements and recommendations. For Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments, networks are created dynamically for both Enterprise PKS clusters and pods. These sections describe the architecture for TAS for VMs on vSphere without software-defined networking deployments. Rubrik and VMware vSphere Reference Architecture Using Rubrik and VMware vSphere together helps accelerate companies on their journey to meet hybrid cloud business requirements by protecting on-premises workloads, providing archival and replication to public cloud, and giving organizations the ability to instantiate vSphere workloads in AWS or Azure. To download the NSX-T Container Plugin, go to the VMware NSX-T Container Plug-in page on VMware Tanzu Network. These sections describe networking requirements and recommendations for TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T deployments. Use Layer 7 load balancers for ingress routing. For information about network, subnet, and IP space planning requirements and recommendations, see Required Subnets in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. vStart 1000v for Enterprise Virtualization using VMware vSphere: Reference Architecture Page 2 1 Introduction The vStart 1000 solution is an enterprise infrastructure solution that has been designed and validated by Dell™ Engineering. VMware recommends the following storage capacity allocation for production and non-production TKGI environments: TKGI on vSphere supports static persistent volume provisioning and dynamic persistent volume provisioning. The recommended address space allows you to view a queue of which jobs relate to each service. It builds on the common base architectures described in Platform Architecture and Planning. Cloud Disaster Recovery Cloud Foundation Cloud Foundation 3.9 Cloud Foundation 4 ESXi ESXi 6.5 ESXi 6.7 ESXi 7 Site Recovery Site Recovery Manager Site Recovery Manager 8 vCenter Server vCenter Server 6.5 vCenter Server 6.7 vCenter Server 7 VMware Cloud on AWS vSAN vSAN 6.7 vSAN 7 vSphere vSphere 6.5 vSphere 6.7 vSphere 7 vSphere with Tanzu Use both Layer 4 and Layer 7 load balancers: NSX-T provides ingress routing natively. vSphere offers NSX-T and NSX-V to support SDN infrastructure. While the capabilities of each storage backend vary, the power of this integration remains. NSX-T creates address blocks of /24 by default. The NSX-T Container Plugin enables a container networking stack and integrates with NSX-T. For example: The routable IP address requirements and recommendations for TKGI with NSX-T deployments are: Deployments with TKGI NSX-T ingress: VMware recommends a /25 network for deployments with TKGI NSX-T ingress. Without an SDN, IP allocations all come from routed network space. Note: This architecture was validated for earlier versions of PAS. You can also use a third-party service for ingress routing, such as Istio or NGINX. You can deploy Enterprise PKS without NSX-T. TAS for VMs requires shared storage. These storage offerings are exposed as VMFS, NFS or vSAN datast… Resize as necessary. The Tier-0 router must have routable external IP address space to advertise on the BGP network with its peers. Note: The TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T architecture supports multiple master nodes for TKGI v1.2 and later. However, an external database provides more control over database management for large environments that require multiple data centers. These can be delivered up to the OpenShift platform either backed by VMware vSAN or any supported vSphere Datastore. You can configure static or dynamic routing using BGP from the routed IP address backbone through the Tier-0 router. For example, you can configure an F5 external load balancer. PAS deployments with NSX-V also include an NSX-V Edge router on the front end. The domains for the TAS for VMs system and apps must resolve to the load balancer. This reference architecture describes an implementation of a software-defined data center (SDDC) using VMware vCloud® Suite Enterprise 5.8, VMware NSX™ for vSphere® 6.1, VMware IT Business Management Suite™ Standard Edition 1.1, and VMware vCenter™ Log Insight™ 2.0 to … Services - /23This size is almost completely dependent on the estimated desired capacity for services. The diagram below illustrates the reference architecture for TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T deployments. Oracle ZFS Storage Appliance Reference Architecture for VMware vSphere4 4 Reference Architecture Overview Figure 1 shows a high-level overview of the physical components of the reference architecture. The reference architecture for PAS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments uses a pattern in which all networks are calculated on the /24 8-bit network boundary. To accommodate the higher address space, allow for four times the address space. Otherwise, s-vMotion activity can rename independent disks and cause BOSH to malfunction. The requirements and recommendations related to networks, subnets, and IP address spacing for TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T deployments are: TAS for VMs requires statically-defined networks to host its component VMs. Non-production environments: Configure 4 to 6 TB of data storage. Note: If a datastore is part of a vSphere Storage Cluster using DRS storage (sDRS), you must disable the s-vMotion feature on any datastores used by Ops Manager. You run the third-party ingress routing service as a container in the cluster. The default is /24. VMware recommends that you configure Layer 4 NSX-V load balancers for the Gorouters. Create wildcard DNS entries to point to the service. TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T. For more information, see TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T. TKGI on vSphere without NSX-T. For more information, see TKGI on vSphere without NSX-T. However, it has not been validated for PAS v2.8. They also provide requirements and recommendations for deploying PAS on vSphere with NSX-V, such as network, load balancing, and storage capacity requirements and recommendations. vStart 100 and 200 VMware vSphere Reference Architecture Dell Inc 8 With a 24 drive chassis full of 600GB SAS drives, the PS6100X array delivers 14.4 Terabyte (TB) of iSCSI- based storage built on fully-redundant, hot-swappable enterprise hardware. Below is a best-guess layout for IP space utilization in a single PAS deployment: PAS deployment - /23This size is almost completely dependent on the estimated desired capacity for containers. You then provision your first Pivotal Platform installation to use stores ds01 through ds03 and your second Pivotal Platform installation to use ds04 through ds06. This is because routed IP address space is a premium resource, and adding more later is difficult, costly, and time-consuming. With the horizontal shared storage approach, you grant all hosts access to all datastores and assign a subset to each Pivotal Platform installation. However, VMware does not recommend this approach, since it adds additional overhead processing. For more information, see Networks in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. Share This Page Download . For more information about DNS requirements for TAS for VMs, see Domain Names in Platform Planning and Architecture. PAS on vSphere with NSX-T supports these following SDN features: Virtualized, encapsulated networks and encapsulated broadcast domains, VLAN exhaustion avoidance with the use of virtualized Logical Networks, DNAT/SNAT services to create separate, non-routable network spaces for the PAS installation, Load balancing services to pass traffic through Layer 4 to pools of platform routers at Layer 7, SSL termination at the load balancer at Layer 7 with the option to forward on at Layer 4 or 7 with unique certificates, Virtual, distributed routing and firewall services native to the hypervisor. Note: If a datastore is part of a vSphere Storage Cluster using DRS storage (sDRS), you must disable the s-vMotion feature on any datastores used by Pivotal Platform. Compared to NSX-T architecture, NSX-V architecture does not use Tier-1 routers to connect the central router to the various subnets for the TAS for VMs deployment. Enterprise PKS deployments with NSX-T are deployed with three clusters and three AZs. The diagram below illustrates reference architecture for TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T deployments: TAS for VMs deployments with NSX-T are deployed with three clusters and three availability zones (AZs). You can allocate networked storage to the host clusters following one of two common approaches: horizontal or vertical. For more information about storage requirements and recommendations, see PersistentVolume Storage Options on vSphere. To support the persistent storage requirements of containers, VMware developed the vSphere Cloud Provider and its corresponding volume plugin. For more information, see PAS on vSphere without NSX. VMware vSphere Reference Architecture for PowerEdge VRTX. VMware recommends these storage capacity allocations for production and non-production TAS for VMs environments: Production environments: Configure at least 8 TB of data storage. Ops Manager supports these configurations for vSphere deployments: TAS for VMs on vSphere … Deployments with several load balancers have much higher address space consumption for load balancer WIPs. The load balancing requirements and recommendations for PAS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments are: You must configure NSX-T load balancers for the Gorouters. You then provision your first TAS for VMs installation to use stores ds01 through ds03 and your second TAS for VMs installation to use ds04 through ds06. Any TCP Gorouters and SSH Proxies within the platform also require NSX-T load balancers. This router is a central logical router into the PAS platform. For example, a /14 network. This is because routed IP address space is a premium resource, and adding more later is difficult, costly, and time-consuming. You can configure VLAN routing from the routed backbone into NSX-V through the Edge router. These considerations and recommendations apply to networks, subnets, and IP address spacing for TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T deployments: Allocate a large network block for TKGI clusters and Pods: When deploying TKGI with Ops Manager, you must allow for a block of address space for dynamic networks that TKGI deploys for each namespace. Reference Architecture for VMware vSphere 4 in a 10 Gigabit iSCSI Environment Dell Inc 7 3.2 Dell PowerEdge Blade Servers Blade Modular Enclosure: The Dell PowerEdge M1000e is a high-density, energy-efficient blade chassis that supports up to sixteen half-height blade servers, or eight full-height blade servers, and six The diagram below illustrates reference architecture for PAS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments: PAS deployments with NSX-T are deployed with three clusters and three Availability Zones (AZs). When a new TKGI cluster is created, TKGI creates a new /24 network from TKGI cluster address space. An internal MySQL database is sufficient for use in production environments. the Enterprise PKS tile. VMware recommends that you use these blobstore storages for production and non-production TAS for VMs environments: Note: For non-production environments, the NFS/WebDAV blobstore can be the primary consumer of storage, as the NFS/WebDAV blobstore must be actively maintained. Select a network range for the Tier-0 router with enough space so that the network can be separated into these two jobs: Note: Compared to NSX-V, NSX-T consumes much more address space for SNATs. Datastores should be listed in the vSphere tile by their native name, not the cluster name created by vCenter for the storage cluster. VMware recommends the following storage capacity allocation for production and non-production Enterprise PKS environments: Enterprise PKS on vSphere supports static persistent volume provisioning and dynamic persistent volume provisioning. The vSphere reference architecture for the PAS and PKS runtimes is based on software-defined networking (SDN) infrastructure. TAS for VMs deployments with NSX-V also include an NSX-V Edge router on the front end. They also provide requirements and recommendations for deploying PAS on vSphere with NSX-T, such as network, load balancing, and storage capacity requirements and recommendations. Smaller groups use less IP address space. For information about security requirements and recommendations for PAS on vSphere deployments, see Security in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. This chapter provides information about the specifications for the various management servers and connector virtual machines used to validate … The NSX-T Container Plugin enables a container networking stack and integrates with NSX-T. For information about HA requirements and recommendations, see High Availability in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T supports these following SDN features: Virtualized, encapsulated networks and encapsulated broadcast domains, VLAN exhaustion avoidance with the use of virtualized Logical Networks, DNAT/SNAT services to create separate, non-routable network spaces for the TAS for VMs installation, Load balancing services to pass traffic through Layer 4 to pools of platform routers at Layer 7, SSL termination at the load balancer at Layer 7 with the option to forward on at Layer 4 or 7 with unique certificates, Virtual, distributed routing and firewall services native to the hypervisor. The Edge router supports ESG. Namespaces should be used as a naming construct and not as a tenancy construct. VMware recommends using an SDN to take advantage of features including: Enterprise PKS API and Enterprise PKS-provisioned This router is a central logical router into the Enterprise PKS platform. The domains for the PAS system and apps must resolve to the load balancer. For more information about PAS subnets, see Required Subnets in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. Without an SDN, IP address allocations all come from routed network space. You must assign routable external IPs on the server side, such as routable IPs for NATs and load balancers, to the Edge router. You can install the NSX-V Edge router as an Edge services gateway (ESG) or as a distributed logical router (DLR). TAS for VMs deployments with NSX-V are deployed with three clusters and three AZs. NSX-T dynamically assigns PAS org networks and adds a Tier-1 router. For more information, see TAS for VMs on vSphere without NSX. TAS for VMs deployments experience downtime during events such as storage upgrades or migrations to new disks. You must assign routable external IPs on the server side, such as routable IPs for NATs and load balancers, to the Edge router. Layer 4 and Layer 7 NSX-T load balancers are created automatically during app deployment. This CIDR range for Kubernetes services network ranges is configurable in Ops Manager. Deployments with several load balancers have much higher address space consumption for load balancer WIPs. Key capabilities for the ESXi Enterprise Plus license level include: Any TCP routers and SSH Proxies also require NSX-V load balancers. The reference configuration consists of two physical VMware ESX 4.1 servers, a 10 GbE network New Tier-1 routers are created on-demand as new clusters and namespaces are added to TKGI. You can also use a third-party service for ingress routing, such as Istio or Nginx. The network octet is numerically sequential. For more information about storage requirements and recommendations, see PersistentVolume Storage Options on vSphere. With the vertical shared storage approach, you grant each cluster its own datastores, creating a cluster-aligned storage strategy. vSphere offers NSX-T and NSX-V to support SDN infrastructure. 1 Reference Architecture: VMware Software Defined Data Center with ThinkAgile VX version 1.6 1 Introduction This document describes the reference architecture for the VMware Software Defined Data Center (SDDC), and Lenovo® ThinkAgile networking, VX certified nodes and appliances. Note: You can use Layer 7 load balancers and terminate SSL at the load balancers. For example, a /14 network. For information about security requirements and recommendations for TAS for VMs on vSphere deployments, see Security in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. Reference Architecture for Active System 1000 with VMware vSphere Page 7 VMware vSphere 5.1 Update 1: VMware vSphere 5.1 Update 1 includes the ESXi™ hypervisor, as well as vCenter™ Server, which is used to configure and manage VMware hosts. This topic describes reference architectures for Pivotal Platform on vSphere. These considerations and recommendations apply to networks, subnets, and IP spacing for Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments: Allocate a large network block for Enterprise PKS clusters and pods: When deploying Enterprise PKS with Ops Manager, you must allow for a block of address space for dynamic networks that Enterprise PKS deploys for each namespace. VMware Validated Design™ Reference Architecture Guide VMware Validated Design for Software-Defined Data Center 2.0 This document supports the version of each product listed For information about configuring system databases on TAS for VMs, see Configure System Databases in Configuring TAS for VMs. If you use a third-party ingress routing service, you must: Define domain information for the ingress routing service in the manifest of the Enterprise PKS on vSphere deployment. Note: The Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T architecture supports multiple master nodes for Enterprise PKS v1.2 and later. For more information about TAS for VMs subnets, see Required Subnets in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. The recommended address space allows you to view a queue of which jobs relate to each service. With its consistency and flexibility, VMware vSAN architecture provides the simplest path from server virtualization to hyperconverged infrastructure and a true hybrid cloud architecture. For more information, see Networks in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. These sections describe networking requirements and recommendations for PAS on vSphere with NSX-V deployments. Layer 4 and Layer 7 NSX-T load balancers are created automatically during app deployment. Reference Architecture Model for CRD v2.5 The Certified Reference Design (CRD) for VMware Cloud Providers is a pre-validated set of software components that simplify the deployment of a VMware Cloud Director® based multitenant cloud in a predictable and efficient manner. TAS for VMs deployments require the VMware NSX-T Container Plugin to enable the SDN features available through NSX-T. Storage in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. Use Layer 7 load balancers for ingress routing. VMware recommends these storage capacity allocations for production and non-production PAS environments: Production environments: Configure at least 8 TB of data storage. These sections describe the reference architecture for TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-V deployments. NSX-T dynamically assigns TAS for VMs org networks and adds a Tier-1 router. When a new app is deployed, new NSX-T Tier-1 routers are generated and Enterprise PKS creates a /24 network from the Enterprise PKS pods network. For more information about general storage requirements and recommendations for PAS, see Storage in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. In this document, we showcase VMware best practices and design guidelines for the Epic Operational and Analytical databases on VMware vSAN. You run the third-party ingress routing service as a container in the cluster. For TKGI on vSphere with NSX-T deployments, networks are created dynamically for both TKGI clusters and Pods. You can configure the block of address space in the NCP Configuration section of the NSX-T tile in Pivotal Operations Manager. Note: The latest versions of Ops Manager validated for the reference architecture do not support using vSphere Storage Clusters. ESG provides load balancing and is configured to route to the TAS for VMs platform. This is because Kubernetes service types allocate IP addresses very frequently. For more information, see Migrating Ops Manager to a New Datastore in vSphere. The Edge router is a central logical router into the TAS for VMs platform. The reference architecture for TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T deployments uses a pattern in which all networks are calculated on the /24 8-bit network boundary. Otherwise, s-vMotion activity can rename independent disks and cause BOSH to malfunction. Desktop Clients VMware Infrastructure provides a selection of interfaces for data center management and virtual machine access. The client side of an NSX-T deployment uses a series of non-routable address blocks when using DNAT/SNAT at the Tier-0 interface. Frequently-used developments might require significantly more storage to accommodate new code and buildpacks. VMware recommends that you have at least one master node per AZ for HA and disaster recovery. 2 THIS WHITE PAPER IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY, AND MAY CONTAIN TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS AND TECHNICAL INACCURACIES. For additional requirements and installation instructions for Ops Manager on vSphere, see Installing Ops Manager on vSphere. To accommodate these dynamically-created networks, VMware recommends that you use multiple clusters, rather than a single cluster with multiple namespaces. PAS deployments require the VMware NSX-T Container Plugin for Pivotal Platform to enable the SDN features available through NSX-T. For information about security requirements and recommendations, see Security in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. For information about security requirements and recommendations, see Security in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. You must assign either a private or a public IP address assigned to the domains for the PAS system and apps. The client side of an NSX-T deployment uses a series of non-routable address blocks when using DNAT/SNAT at the Tier-0 interface. If you want to deploy Enterprise PKS without NSX-T, select It can be smaller, but VMware does not recommend using a larger size in a single deployment. This means that every org in TAS for VMs is assigned a new /24 network. You can build smaller groups of Gorouters and Diego Cells aligned to a particular service. An internal MySQL database is sufficient for use in production environments. The vSphere reference architecture for the PAS and Enterprise PKS runtimes is based on software-defined networking (SDN) infrastructure. For information about horizontal and vertical shared storage, see Shared Storage. The architecture of VirtualCenter Management Server will be described in detail in later sections. An NSX-T Tier-0 router is on the front end of the Enterprise PKS deployment. This is because Kubernetes service types allocate IP addresses very frequently. This means that every org in PAS is assigned a new /24 network. With the vertical shared storage approach, you grant each cluster its own datastores, creating a cluster-aligned storage strategy. For more information about general storage requirements and recommendations for TAS for VMs, see Note: To use NSX-T with TAS for VMs, the NSX-T Container Plugin must be installed, configured, and deployed at the same time as the TAS for VMs tile. The VMware View Reference Architecture addresses the integration with components commonly found in today’s enterprise. This VMware View Reference Architecture also references and includes several deployment guides that provide detailed instructions on deploying several of the components used to validate the architecture. Smaller groups use less IP address space. This router is a central logical router into the TAS for VMs platform. The Edge router supports ESG. It builds on the common base architectures described in Platform Architecture and Planning. Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T. For more information, see Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T. Enterprise PKS on vSphere without NSX-T. For more information, see Enterprise PKS on vSphere without NSX-T. Download . For information about configuring system databases on PAS, see Configure System Databases in Configuring PAS. For more information, see How to Migrate Pivotal Platform to a New Datastore in vSphere. … With Layer 4 load balancers, traffic passes through the load balancers and SSL is terminated at the Gorouters. These sections describe the architecture for PAS on vSphere without software-defined networking deployments. Compared to NSX-T architecture, NSX-V architecture does not use Tier-1 routers to connect the central router to the various subnets for the PAS deployment. They also provide requirements and recommendations for deploying Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T, such as network, load balancing, and storage capacity requirements and recommendations. Datastores should be listed in the vSphere tile by their native name, not the cluster name created by vCenter for the storage cluster. The load balancing requirements and recommendations for TAS for VMs on vSphere with NSX-T deployments are: You must configure NSX-T load balancers for the Gorouters. This router is a central logical router into the TKGI platform. To deploy TKGI without NSX-T, select Use this reference architecture guide to design and configure your VMware environment on Hitachi Unified Compute Platform CI. Flannel as your container network interface in the Networking pane of Select from networks already identified in Ops Manager to deploy the You can allocate networked storage to the host clusters following one of two common approaches: horizontal or vertical. This document also covers components required to be used for integrating an on-premise VMware vRealize cloud with VMware vCloud Air or Amazon AWS public clouds. Note: This architecture was validated for earlier versions of TAS for VMs. For example, with six datastores ds01 through ds06, you assign datastores ds01 and ds02 to a cluster, ds03 and ds04 to a second cluster, and ds05 and ds06 to a third cluster. When a new app is deployed, new NSX-T Tier-1 routers are generated and TKGI creates a /24 network from the TKGI Pods network. You can configure this as either one 8 TB store or a number of smaller volumes that sum to 8 TB. You must assign either a private or a public IP address assigned to the domains for the TAS for VMs system and apps. The default is /24. For example, with six datastores ds01 through ds06, you grant all nine hosts access to all six datastores. Print Check out this page on Dell.com! For information about HA requirements and recommendations for TAS for VMs on vSphere, see High Availability in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. The diagram below illustrates the reference architecture for Enterprise PKS on vSphere with NSX-T deployments. It can be smaller, but VMware discourages using a larger size in a single deployment. For information about high availability (HA) requirements and recommendations for PAS on vSphere, see High Availability in Platform Architecture and Planning Overview. You can define the number of master nodes per plan in the TKGI tile in Ops Manager. For more information about blobstore storage requirements and recommendations, see Configure File Storage in Configuring TAS for VMs for Upgrades.

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